Sound waves enter the outer ear and are funneled to the eardrum, which vibrates in response. These vibrations are transmitted to the middle ear bones, or ossicles, which include the malleus, incus and stapes—also known as the hammer, anvil and stirrup.
The stirrup transmits the amplified vibrations to the fluid that fills the inner ear, or cochlea. Tiny hair cells inside the cochlea are stimulated and produce nerve impulses that are carried to the brain and interpreted as sound.
There are three types of hearing loss:
Tinnitus has many causes; often, the exact reason for its occurrence is unknown. It may be the result of noise exposure, Meniere’s disease, ototoxic drugs, tumors, high or low blood pressure or medications. Tinnitus can be evaluated, and there are numerous products and therapies to help people cope with the affliction.
If you have a ringing in your ears, or simply a question about the information found on our website, please call us at 281.578.7500. We look forward to hearing from you.